Twomarked Treehopper – Echhenopa binotata

Two marked Treehopper – Echhenopa binotata

Common Name: Two marked Treehopper

Latin Name: Echhenopa binotata

  • Appearance:
  • The two-marked treehopper is a little leaping bug that is 3/16′′ to 14′′ in length. It has the overall look of a thorn, like other treehoppers.
  • The wings, pronotum, and legs are all a dark brown colour. Brown eyes are present.
  • The pronotum is a horn-like structure that covers the thorax and abdomen and is somewhat enlarged at the tip.
  • Yellow dots can be found around the middle of the dorsal (top) ridge. The first two pairs of legs are flattened and wide.

Host plant:

American bittersweet, Black haw and Black locust are common host plant.


There are about 3,200 Membracids, sometimes known as Thorn bugs, in the globe, with more being discovered daily in the solitary canopy of rainforest trees. They’re a tropical-temperate group, with no species in Antarctica, just three more than in Europe (one of which is the accidentally-introduced American buffalo treehopper), and 266 in North America. They have existed for at least 40 million years.

Damages caused by Two marked Treehopper:

Wo-marked Treehoppers may be a nuisance. They weaken plants by nibbling on the stems and leaves regularly. This causes plant browning and, in extreme cases, death. The treehopper may also excrete honeydew, a tasty sticky material. This attracts additional insects and can stimulate the formation of mould that resembles black soot or ash. They are easily transported to new locations. If they come across another population of Two-marked Treehoppers that feeds on a different plant, the two folks may never meet, and breeding between them is severely reduced.

Life history and habits:

These treehoppers hatch their eggs on the branches of their host plant and spend their entire life on that plant. These treehoppers’ egg-hatching is linked to the sap flow of their host plants. The flow of plant sap to their stems after winter is the stimulation the eggs require to hatch. They moult till adulthood after hatching from the stems as nymphs (final form). Males begin signalling around a week after reaching maturity. Females become sexually receptive 1-2 weeks before men. Females continually stay on one plant after reproducing and oviposit their eggs until they die or the first frost. Males live shorter lives than females and typically die soon after mating several times.