Abies nordmanniana ‘Golden Spreader’ – Caucasian Fir – Nordmann Fir –

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Abies- Fir

This mid to large evergreen shrubs and trees, makes them ideal for shurburn areas.  They prefer cool-cold climates such as Europe, North Africa, Asia and North America mountainous areas where they escape urban pollution and extreme temperatures although some varies expand into the tropics.  These fir’s has long narrow, needles that are distributed equally horizontal and laterally along the twig. Color differs mid to dark green often with grayish white bands underneath. Female cones grow erect on upper branches, which ripen over a year then release seeds.

They prefer sun moist soil or soil with good moisture retention but with good drainage, neutral to alkaline soil.  The only pruning needed to be done is to remove dead twigs to insure good circulation.

Prone to adelgids, bark beetles, bagworms and spruce budworms.  A wide variety of fungi cause needle blights and root rots.  Rust diseases are common.

A. nordmanniana ‘Golden Spreader’ – Caucasian Fir – Nordmann Fir –This appealing fir has densely crowded yellow, 1” long needles with notched tips and pale yellowish and white band on the undersides. It grows 3’ feet tall and 5’ feet wide and is slow growing.  Needles when bruised excrete an orange peel smell. In cultivation forms a conical spire of tiered limbs sweeping downwards.  The bark is smooth checkered pattern of gray.  The cylindrical cones are green ripening to purple-brown.  This is a great fir for areas with hot summers.

Zones 4-8