Pinus radiata – Pinus insignis – Monterey Pine – Rodiata Pine – Himalayan Pine – Pine –


Pinus – Pine

There are 115-120 monoecious, medium to tall evergreen, coniferous trees and a few shrub in the Pinaceae Family, in this genus. They are widely distrubuted in forest mainly in the Northern Hemisphere, from the Arctic Circle to Central America but also in Europe, Northern Africa and Southeastern Asia. The bark is often fissured, and in some species is divided into irregular, plate like sections. Pines bear small bundles of 2-5 rarely 1 or 6-8, needle like, light to dark green or yellow-green to bluish or gray green leaves, which usually persist for 2-4 years sometimes for longer, and range from quite small to as much as 18″ long. The winter buds are usually cylindrical or egg shaped, up to 20″ long, and often resinous. Male and female cones are borne on the same tree, females cones take 2, or occasionally 3 years to ripen, the seeds are winged in most species. Male cones are yellow and catkin like, clustered at the shoot bases. Pines are useful as specimen trees, and for shelter and windbreaks, some cultivars and slow growing species are suitable for a rock garden or mixed border.

Pines are divided into 2 major groups, the white pines (soft pines) with typically 5 needles and non woody cone scales, and the black pines (hard pines) with typically 2 to 4 needles and woody cone scales.

Grow these easily grown plants in any well drained soil in full sun, but may need a symbiotic soil fungus to assist nutrient uptake on poorer soils.

Prone to sawfly, caterpillars, scale insects, mealybugs, miners, borers, blister, rust, butt rot, blights (including Diplodia tip blight), pitch canker, cone rust, tar spot, and brown cubical rot.

P. radiata – P. insignis – Monterey Pine – Rodiata Pine – Himalayan Pine – This fast growing, narrow, pyramidal tree when young becoming more columnar with age from California grows 80-130′ feet tall and 25-40′ feet wide. It has   Heavily rigid black bark, gray green shoots, and cylindrical buds. It produces slender, shining, deep green leaves, 4-6″ long, are borne in 3’s. It bears conical, glossy, light brown female cones, 3-6″ long, with 20 swollen outer scales, persist for 20-30 years. Widely planted in forestry throughout the world.. Does not tolerate extreme heat or dry and be toppled by strong wind.

Zones 7-9