Sanguisorba officinalis – Greater Burnet – Poterium –


Sanguisorba – Burnet – Poterium –
There are 15-20 rhizomatous perennials or small shrubs, in the Rosaceae family, in this genus. They naturally occur in damp meadows, with a few form dry, grassy or rocky sites, in temperate and color regions of the northern Hemisphere. They produce, alternate, pinnate leaves, with mostly oblong to elliptic, serrated,, neatly veined , 7-25 leaflets, which in some species is glaucous. The leafy, wiry stems bear dense or loose, bottlebrush like, terminal spikes of small, fluffy 4 small petaled flowers, with red, pink, white, or greenish white sepals, and prominent stamens. Burnets are suitable for growing in a herbaceous or mixed border, and for naturalizing in a damp meadow garden or by water. Many species provide unusual flowers and foliage for cutting.
Grow in any moderately fertile, moist but well drained soil that does not dry out, in full sun or partial shade. Taller species usually require support. Divide in spring and/or autumn.
Prone to Cercospora leaf spot, and larvae of some Lepidoptera.

S. officinalis – Greater Burnet – This clump forming, rhizomatous perennial from Europe, Northern Asia and North America grows 4′ feet tall and about half as wide. It produces pinnate basal leaves, 20″ long, each with 7-25 oblong- elliptic, 2″ long, leaflets. From summer to mid autumn, it bears small, dark reddish purple to maroon flowers are borne in erect, very short dense, ovoid spikes, up to 1 1/4″ long.
Zones 3-8