Ulmus glabra ‘Exoniensis’ – Exeter elm – Ulmus Montana – Ulmus scabra – Dutch Elm – Wych elm – Scotch elm –


Ulmus – Elm

This genus is comprised of 45 deciduous, rarely semi-evergreen trees and very rarely shrubs.  Most elms are large limbed trees forming a domed crown with furrowed or fissured gray bark.  There found natural occurring in woodland, thickets, and hedgerows in the northern hemisphere and Siberia to Indonesia, Mexico to Japan.  They have alternate, ovate to elliptic, egg shaped or rounded leaves with prominent, parallel lateral veins and may be single or double toothed margins and with unequally sized bases. The leaves usually color to yellow in autumn.  Cluster of tiny, bell shaped flowers, each with 4-9 segments joined at the bases, are usually produced from auxiliary buds in spring, but sometimes from leafy buds in autumn, they are quickly followed by green to brown, rounded to elliptic, membranous wing seed capsules.  Cultivated for their habit and foliage, elms’ are mainly grown as specimen trees.  Ulmus x hollandica ‘Jacqueline Hillier’ is suitable for shrub border and for hedging.

In areas free of Dutch elm disease grow in any well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade.  Zelkovas are good substitutes where Dutch elm is prevalent.

Prone to Dutch elm disease caused by the fungus Ophiostoma Ulmi spread by bark beetles and natural grafts, has destroyed hundred of thousands of American elms.  There has been recent breeding between European and Asiatic species that are slowly showing more resistant to the disease. They are also prone to Borers, Beetles, Caterpillars, mealy bugs, scale insects, leaf hoopers, mushroom root rot, dieback, canker, Verticillium wilt, wood rot, lepidopteran larvae, hepialid moth, phloem necrosis, and elm yellows.

Ulmus glabra ‘Exoniensis’ – Exeter elm – Ulmus Montana – Ulmus scabra – Dutch Elm – Wych elm – Scotch elm –This narrow columnar habit deciduous tree found natural occurring in Northern Europe to Western Asia grows up to 50’ feet tall and 25’ feet wide broadening with age.  It produces twisted, and folded, double toothed , dull dark green leaves to 6” long, lobed at the tips, and raspy above, downy beneath, turning yellow in autumn and last to winter.  Tiny, hermaphrodite flowers are produced in clusters of 10-20, in early spring before the leaves.   In late spring clusters of samara winged bright lime green fruit, 1” across. Somewhat resistant to Dutch Elm Disease