Abies bracteata – Abeies Venusta – Bristle Cone Fir – Santa Lucia Fir –

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Abies- Fir

This mid to large evergreen shrubs and trees, makes them ideal for shurburn areas.  They prefer cool-cold climates such as Europe, North Africa, Asia and North America mountainous areas where they escape urban pollution and extreme temperatures although some varies expand into the tropics.  These fir’s has long narrow, needles that are distributed equally horizontal and laterally along the twig. Color differs mid to dark green often with grayish white bands underneath. Female cones grow erect on upper branches, which ripen over a year then release seeds.

They prefer sun moist soil or soil with good moisture retention but with good drainage, neutral to alkaline soil.  The only pruning needed to be done is to remove dead twigs to insure good circulation.

Prone to adelgids, bark beetles, bagworms and spruce budworms.  A wide variety of fungi cause needle blights and root rots.  Rust diseases are common.


A. bracteata – Abeies Venusta – Bristle Cone Fir – Santa Lucia Fir – This rarely cultivated tree, usually found in its native habit of Santa Lucia Mountains in southern California where it can grow to150 feet and 20 feet wide.  This columnar tree requires a mild climate and can be a short-lived.  It has dark green needles 2 inches long with a slivery green underside and are sharp pointed.  The cones are 4 inches long and are egg shaped and golden brown and when ripe and can exude resin with large protruding bracts.

Zones 7-10