Abies cephalonica – Abies apollinis – Greek Fir – Cephalonian Fir –

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Abies- Fir

This mid to large evergreen shrubs and trees, makes them ideal for shurburn areas.  They prefer cool-cold climates such as Europe, North Africa, Asia and North America mountainous areas where they escape urban pollution and extreme temperatures although some varies expand into the tropics.  These fir’s has long narrow, needles that are distributed equally horizontal and laterally along the twig. Color differs mid to dark green often with grayish white bands underneath. Female cones grow erect on upper branches, which ripen over a year then release seeds.

They prefer sun moist soil or soil with good moisture retention but with good drainage, neutral to alkaline soil.  The only pruning needed to be done is to remove dead twigs to insure good circulation.

Prone to adelgids, bark beetles, bagworms and spruce budworms.  A wide variety of fungi cause needle blights and root rots.  Rust diseases are common.

A. cephalonica – A. apollinis – Greek Fir –Cephalonian Fir –Home to the Mediterranean where it is used for ship timber. Introduced to Britain in the 1800s.  It can reach 100 feet tall and 25 feet wide.  The glossy green needles with short, stiff, outward pointing, prickly points arrange radially around in each shoot have a greenish white undersides.  The cones are roughly cylindrical and about 4 inches long.

Zones 7-10