Abies sachalinensis –

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Abies- Fir

This mid to large evergreen shrubs and trees, makes them ideal for shurburn areas.  They prefer cool-cold climates such as Europe, North Africa, Asia and North America mountainous areas where they escape urban pollution and extreme temperatures although some varies expand into the tropics.  These fir’s has long narrow, needles that are distributed equally horizontal and laterally along the twig. Color differs mid to dark green often with grayish white bands underneath. Female cones grow erect on upper branches, which ripen over a year then release seeds.

They prefer sun moist soil or soil with good moisture retention but with good drainage, neutral to alkaline soil.  The only pruning needed to be done is to remove dead twigs to insure good circulation.

Prone to adelgids, bark beetles, bagworms and spruce budworms.  A wide variety of fungi cause needle blights and root rots.  Rust diseases are common.

A. sachalinensis – This tree is native to Sakhalin Island of Russia and Hokkaido in Japan.  Juvenile trees are cone shape but as it matures it becomes more columnar and has a distinctive flat top.  Similar to Abies lasiocarpa it can be distinguished by its bract scales.  The needles are 1 ½” inches long mid green with white bands underside.  The 3-inch cones are cylindrical with reflexed bract scales ripening from green to brown and violet blue.

Zones 6-9