There are about 11 species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs, trees, and climbing plants, in this genus. They occur in tropical areas of Africa, Southern and Eastern Asia, and North America. They are grown for their glossy foliage and spherical red or black autumn fruits. Useful for covering a trellis or fence, but can be grown in a cool greenhouse.
Grow in moderately fertile, moist but well drained soil in full sun to partial shade.
Prone to leaf spots.
C. carolinus – Carolina Moonseed – This climbing, deciduous shrub from Southeastern USA grows 12′ feet tall with an indefinite spread. It produces ovate to heart shaped, mid green leaves, to 4″ long, softly hairy beneath. In summer, bears tiny, greenish white flowers, 1/4″ long, in panicles or racemes, to 5″ long, followed by dense clusters of spherical, bright red fruit, 1/4″ across.